A Árvore do Conhecimento (Maturana & Varela, ). 1 like. Book. A Arvore Do Conhecimento – Humberto Maturana e Francisco Varela. MATURANA, H., Autopoiesis, structural coupling and cognition: a history of these and other notions MATURANA, H.; VARELA, F., De Máquinas e seres vivos: autopoiese, a organização do MATURANA, H.; VARELA, F., A árvore do conhecimento: as bases biológicas do entendimento humano [The tree of knowledge].

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That is why everything we conhcimento in this book, through our knowledge of our knowledge, implies an ethics that we cannot evade, an ethics that has its reference point in the awareness of the biological and social structure of human beings, an ethics that springs from human reflection and puts human reflection right at the core as a constitutive social phenomenon.

Conversely, each time we refer to a unity in our descriptions, we are implying the operation of distinction that defines it and makes it possible. See 1 question about Tree of Knowledge…. Elementary nervous system — sensory surface, motor surface, system of coordination between surfaces i. Jun 28, Abailart rated it liked it. Our brains quite literally are unable to perceive or rather, should I say ‘produce’? One of the results is that you look apathetic to people. I highly recommend reading ToK before Autopoiesis and Cognition and possibly even foregoing Autopoiesis and Cognition altogether.

Francisco Varela – Citazioni di Google Scholar

We varelz reality as autonomous unities in “structural coupling” with the environment which, for each of us, include other beings as well. On the other side there is another trap: How can I read it online?


Written for a general audience as well as for students, scholars, and scientists and abundantly illustrate “Knowing how we know” is the subject of this book.

A nervous system expands our possible behaviors by inserting a network with a huge range of arvre patterns between our sensory and motor surfaces.

Jun 04, Rodrigo rated it liked it. We begin to see clearly the ways in which every process of cognition is necessarily based on the operational closure of its nervous system; hence it follows that all knowing is doing as sensory-effector correlations in the realm of structural coupling in which the nervous system exists. Good introduction to System theory, though, autopoiesis for the win It never ceases to amaze me how stupid some of the acronyms we use are.

Now, those who do not live with objectivity in parentheses have a passion for changing the other. The ” Tree of Knowledge” offers a strong and coherent theory about how simple principles of life eventually generate cognition and ultimately the conscious process of “knowing how we know”. The external pain is a trigger only.

Tree of Knowledge by Humberto R. Maturana

Replication, copy, and reproduction can be distinguished by the amount of historicity in each process. All in all, a book that’s almost quite completely entirely unlike a something that is superficially similar to a masterpiece. The language is difficult and challenging and the concepts complex, it took me many attempts to get it, but worth the effort.

I hig Interested in cybernetics, theoretical biology, and philosophy but conhecimeno find Dan Brown novels to require mental gymnastics? Its authors present a new view of cognition that has important social and ethical implications, for, they assert, the only world we humans can have is the one we create together through the actions of our coexistence.


If you are interested in cybernetics, whole systems, evolution, epistemology, or any related discipline then mqturana book would be at home on your bookshelf.

Environmental input is imply one more “voice” in the “conversation” of internal dynamics.

Tree of Knowledge

This is a prime example of obesity in literature, a book that says much but nothing at all. Thus, the world a 21st century American woman perceives and lives in, though ‘objectively’ the same, is filled with values, notions or lack thereof of right, wrong, old, new, roles, goals, that are for the most part wildly different than the vadela through which, say, a native Mongolian in the 15th century perceived.

Awe are all a product of our history. Valeu a leitura e merece uma nova futura leitura.

I’ve read that and am working through the book which, as well as anything else, is a useful primer for a layperson on cell formation, reproduction, vaela ‘drift’ and this will form the basis of a progression to more human behavioural and sociolinguistic phenomena with this biological base. Apr 02, Mahipal Lunia rated it it was amazing. If you are at all interested in how we “work”.

It is not just that we are different because we learned different things.

It read like various sources combined and I certainly do not recommend it. His ultimate message is that human beings are biologically programmed for love, and that love and relationship in language is what makes us human. The beginning is the end.