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They are usually raced on scaled-down circuits. American Art Ingels is generally accepted to be the father of karting.
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A veteran hot rodder and a race car builder at Kurtis Krafthe built the first kart in Southern California in InMcCulloch was the first company to produce engines for karts.
Its first engine, the McCulloch MC,  was an adapted chainsaw two-stroke engine.
The chassis are made of chrome moly tubing. The stiffness of the chassis enables different handling characteristics for different circumstances. Typically, for dry conditions a stiffer chassis is preferable, while in wet or other poor traction conditions, a more flexible chassis may work akrt. Temperature of the track can also affect handling and may prompt additional chassis adjustments.
The best kaart allow for stiffening bars at the rear, front and side to be added or removed according to race conditions. Braking is achieved by a disc brake mounted on the rear axle. Front chawsi brakes are used in most shifter kart classes and are increasingly popular in other classes; however, certain classes do not allow them. Amusement park go-karts can be powered by four-stroke engines or electric motorswhile racing karts use small two-stroke or four-stroke engines.
Karts do not have a differential. This allows the tire to lose some of its grip chasi slide or lift off the ground completely. Power is transmitted from the engine to the rear axle by a chain. Both engine and axle sprockets are removable; their ratio must be adapted to the track configuration in order to get the most from the engine. In the early days, karts were direct drive only requiring push kaetbut the inconvenience of that setup soon led to the centrifugal clutch for the club level classes.
Wheels and tires are much smaller than those used on a normal car. Rims are made of magnesium alloy, aluminumor composite materials. Some car tire manufacturers, such as BridgestoneDunlopand Maxxis make tires for karts. Similar to other motorsports, kart tires have different types for use appropriate to track conditions:.
As in other motor sports, several data acquisition systems have been developed for kart racing. These systems allow the driver to monitor from a display fixed on the steering wheel some parameters such as RPM, timing of laps including sectorsnumber kary laps, best lap, cooling system temperature, exhaust gas temperature and sometimes speed mart even gear for shifter karts.
More sophisticated chxssi allow for more information such as lateral and longitudinal acceleration g-forcethrottle position, steering wheel position and brake pressure. Kart racing is generally accepted as the most economic form of motorsport available kaet four wheels. As a free-time activity, it can be lart by almost anybody, and crosd a motorsport in itself, it is one of the sports regulated by FIA under the name of CIKpermitting licensed racing for anyone from the age of 8 onward. There is a manual released every year detailing the various rules and regulations that race meetings and drivers have to follow.
Racing classes start at age 7 or 8 5 in the US with “Kid Karts” and generally run in 3-year age groupings or weight divisions until “senior” status is reached at age 15 or 16, depending on the series. Sprint racing takes place on dedicated kart circuits resembling small road courses, with left and right turns. The sprint format is a series of short-duration races, normally for a small number of laps, that qualify for a final, with a variety of point scoring calculations to determine the event’s overall winner.
Typical duration does not normally exceed 15 minutes. Here, speed and successful passing is of the most importance.
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It normally occurs in the format of three qualifying heats and a final race for trophy positions. Endurance races last for an extended period, ranging from 30 minutes up to 24 hours or more, for one or more drivers. In general, consistency, reliability, and pit strategy is of greater importance than all out speed. Called “enduro” racing in the United States, most WKA and IKF sanctioned events typically last 30 minutes sprint enduro or 45 minutes laydown enduro and are run continuously without pit stops.
Enduro events are held on full-size road racing circuits that are usually between 1. As well as the famous 24 Hours of Le Mans race for automobiles there is also a hours event for karts which takes place at the kart circuit Alain Prost at Le MansFrance.
Endurance racing is also considered crosd more affordable way of getting into karting. In South Africa, the 24 Hours of Karting Festival race is held annually and lasts 24 hours with multiple classes participating.
The most popular class runs the Honda GX four-stroke engine, which is both affordable and durable, keeping running costs to a minimum. The Prokart Super Single Series, also known as Prokart SSS, has been running for more than 20 years and has proven to be a very popular entry crosz for drivers of all ages who want to get into karting.
Many clubs worldwide chasai taken on four-stroke endurance karting for this reason, since two-stroke karting can be chasi expensive. Tracks primarily consist of two straights and four left-turn corners, few tracks are symmetric and often the shape parallels that of an egg or a tri-oval.
Depending on the track material, different tires are used on the kart. The two chief cross formats used in dirt speedway karting are heat races and timed laps qualification:. These are regarded as the top level classes of karting and are also raced in national championships worldwide. The World Championship is decided here. In the UK, the most celebrated karting series is the National karting series, also known as Super One.
There are three types of Super One championships:. Other UK National Championships include: NatSKA is a budget karting association set up for schools and youth groups in the UK, crosss 13 classes. Most classes run a light and heavy category with some running super heavy. As in other disciplines in motorsports, a license is required to drive a racing kart on a circuit or enter competitions.
Jesolo Apache, a chassis with a unique design
Most of the time, but not always, a basic insurance coverage is included in the licence annual fee. In some countries, such as Franceregulations require the drivers to pass a medical exam each year.
License classes differ between countries according to age groups or levels. Most of the time a Practice License can be easily obtained, while a Racing License might require a capability assessment. For their safety, kart drivers are required to wear proper equipment: Rib protector and neck brace, although highly recommended, are optional in most countries. None of the above need to be made of fire retardant material. Superkart drivers are required to wear leather overalls, similar to those used in motorcycling.
Kart racing is usually used as a low-cost and relatively safe way to introduce drivers to motor racing. In Augustin anticipation to a possible return to F1 with FerrariFormula One world champion Michael Schumacher did some preparation driving a kart in LonatoItaly. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Kart disambiguation. Archived from the original on 8 September Retrieved 8 August Classes of auto racing.
Chassis Kart Cross 3D CAD Model – 3D CAD Browser
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