One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. . Hallpike, C. R., “ Review: The Origins of the Borana Gada System,” Reviewed. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa (father of Gadaa), historians most often say that it is The Gada system is largely practised by the Oromo people. Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia The Gada system spread with the migration and intermingle of the Oromo.

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There is little to do with? Hadha Caaccuu mother of Chaachuu is the leader of Caaccuu.

This might be related to the ancient division of labour. Similarly, Caaccuu is symbol of fertility. There are several inter-generational rules of the Oromo society under the Gada system of which the basic rule is the position of a man on the Gada cycle is always five grades forty gadaa ahead of the grade of his son.

It also serves as a mechanism of socialization, education, religious gadq, peace maintenance and social cohesion and promotes the principles of equality and freedom. This second one has little to do with age where as the first has nothing to do with genealogical ties.

It serves as a mechanism for enforcing moral conduct, building social cohesion, and expressing forms of community culture.

Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System

These were age regiments consisting of the married Gada class members, Qeerroo bachelors and qondala youth. The public conduct of Individuals is governed by safuu Oromo moral system. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The first forty years of the total life cycle of eighty years is an active generation which is divided into five segments each having a time spam of eight years. A brief summary description of the Gada system. Method Data Participant Selection: The big news for Ethiopia is that the Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo, has been inscribed on the representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity.


UNPO: Oromo: UNESCO Recognizes Indigenous System of Self-Government as World Heritage

In the middle of the deliberations he intervenes to make sure that a topic is meant to be in the meeting for discussion rather than debate.

Name of the communities, groups concerned: The three age ofomo in other words are age-sets belonging to grade IV, V and grade VI of the Gada stages of development. Knowledge about the Gada system is transmitted to children in the home and at school. Oditu, Karrayu, Qaalluu of Borena clan as well as great Qaalluu of Gujii clan were said to be originally descendants from heaven.

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo

Analysis and Lessons Learned Time – among the Guji-Oromo the general assembly takes place gadaa in every eight years and mostly for a week, just a week before power transfer. Gadaa is a holistic system of governance encompassing: The election of Gadaa councilors at this stage also serves as transition from grade three to grade four. Their positions are linked with those of their sons.


The innocent person is called ‘Garraamitichaa’ which literary means an old innocent man of Walabuu. In general, according to Oromo’s societal perspective, Qaalluu institution act as a mediator between Waaqaa God and the Oromo society. Daniel Berhane Daniel Berhane. Other principles of the system include balanced representation of all clans, lineages, regions and confederacies, accountability of leaders, the settlement of disputes through reconciliation, and the respect for basic rights and liberties.

In fact, many scholars have given various explanations of Gadaa System.

Gemechu Megersa who deeply knows the culture of the Oromo society and conducted research for a long time supports the above syystem. According to the meaning given by scholars, the Gada System was associated with the development of religious and political culture of the Oromo.

Oromo horsemanship is a highly prized aspect of their culture and it had a great deal to do with their military success over the centuries. Every citizen has the right to speak and be heard in the Assembly of multitudes.

The researches explain that the Gada system greatly believes in rigorous practical or actual testing of the candidates before they assume office unlike western democracy which in most cases exclusively relies on election.

As lromo social institution, it functions as a mechanism of socialization, conflict resolution, judicial administration, religious expression and social harmony. At forty years of the gada cycle i.