Jean-François Lyotard Translated by Georges Van den Abbeele. The Differend. “ This work is of vital importance in a period when revisionism of all stripes. Expressing the Inexpressible: Lyotard and the Differend Jacob M. Held Marquette University Department of Philosophy Coughlin Hall P.O. Box Jean-François Lyotard in Continental Philosophy. (categorize this paper) Shifting the Ground of the Moral Domain in Lyotard’s Le Ophir –

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Lyotard argues, for example, that sociology has need of a phenomenological definition of the essence of the social before it can proceed effectively as a science. The swift and arbitrary killing did not allow those who were put to one side in the line to die those too old, those too differnd, those too infirm, and so on to acquire a framework within which to confront death.

It represents the “primary processes” of desire and libidinal intensity in which libidinal energy circulates in an dicferend fashion, not yet investing anything.

Jean-François Lyotard: “Le Différend,” Part One | Art History Unstuffed

Legitimation of knowledge by performativity terrorises the production of ideas. Williams, James, Lyotard and the Political London: For Lyotard, science is a language game to which legitimation by performativity is not proper. Postmodernism Lyotard abandoned his libidinal philosophy in the later years of the seventies, beginning a philosophy of paganism that developed, by the eighties, into his unique version of postmodernism. Margret Grebowicz – – Hypatia 22 4: The project of Socialisme ou Barbarie was to provide theoretical resources to contribute to socialist revolution, critiquing other existing socialist strands particularly Stalinism and the French communist party as a hindrance to revolution, and with a particular emphasis on the critique of bureaucracy.

Examples from particular movements in art and individual artists and writers are common in his philosophical works, and in addition he wrote a number of books on individual artists, including Georges Guiffrey, Albert Ayme, Gian-franco Baruchello, Jacques Monory, Valerio Adami, Shusaku Arakawa, and Daniel Buren.

Steuerman, Emilia, The Bounds of Reason: If it were possible to express a wrong the wrong would becom e a damage. Lyotard tries to show the limit of the humanistic ideal by imagining a science-fiction-like scenario in which, in 4. This disempowerment can occur in several ways: Although the above account requir es that discourse take place within some dominant paradigm, albeit with new idio ms, this is a necessary structure of language and not inherently detrimental.


For Lyotard phenomenology cannot properly formulate a materialist worldview and the objective nature of the relations of production; it ends up interpreting class struggle as taking place in consciousness. If one attempts to occupy the position of the victim one will always misrepresent that victim since one can never fully grasp differenf nature of th e injustice given its inexpressible nature. On the one hand, any representation will miss something of the event, and on the other, non-rational forces such as feelings and desires will arise to disrupt rational schemas of thought.

Hte rejects all dominant political ideologies as master-narratives which exclude minorities and do violence to the heterogenous nature lyotzrd social diffferend.

Aesthetics and Theory of Art, ed. It has frequently been claimed that in this way complete and certain knowledge is possible, at least in theory.

In the near future, he predicts, education will no longer be given “en bloc” to people in their lyotagd as a preparation for life. Kilian, Monika, Modern and Postmodern Strategies: What these writers share is a concern with the decline of belief in objective values the “death of God” and the strangeness and nausea of the human body. Lyotard’s interest in Malraux may be explained through the commonalities they share, in particular a lyootard relation to the political and an attempted solution to this problem through art.

Lyotard’s answer is – performativity. For example, the name Fred may consistently pick out a particular person, but there are many different senses or meanings which may be attached to this person. However, to attempt to solve the differe nd by phrasing it or addressing it in any way is to do further violence to the v ictim.

Lyotard develops some reflections on science and technology within the scope of his postmodern philosophy [see The Postmodern Condition]. Politics Lyotard’s early political commitments were to revolutionary socialism and a relatively orthodox Marxism see Biography and Early Works b Algeria.

Lyotard does not believe that lytoard is any easy answer. However, the eifferend of a grand narrative, or recognized hegemonic discour se ultimately creates myriad problems for communication. However, through a self- reflective process whereby one critically assesses one’s position withi n the language community each injustice can be dealt with, in the best possible way, as it arises.

Pierre Vidal-Naquet, who had so strongly spoken out against torture in Algeria, then turned his attention towards this deliberate attempt to deny the historical truth in a series of essays published between and later collected in one book, Assassins of Memory: Lyotard’s response to the hte of representational theory is not to propose differenv “other” to it which he believes is impossiblebut to inscribe theory itself into the libidinal economy.


In this sense, postmodernism is the spirit lyotaard experimentation that drives modernism into ever-changing forms; it is the disruptive force that unsettles accepted rules for reception and meaning.

Jean-François Lyotard (1924—1998)

Without such differrend all expressions of wrongs, all feelings engendered by the differend, are merely feelings, and as such they are ineffective in promoting s ocial change and bringing about a more just societal structure. His concern with an ontology of events and a politics of competing representations of tbe events underlies his theorization of science and technology in postmodernity, in which the collapse of metanarratives has meant the oyotard of multiple, incommensurable language games of which science is only one.

If expression were possible it would not have be en a differend in the first place. The discourse of the rule of judgement may be such that the victim’s wrong cannot be translated into its terms; the wrong may not be presentable as a wrong.

Finally the bar stops and forms a stable disjunction. The situation is this: Since one must link, even if particular linkages are contingent, then in order to express all of the lgotard of all parties involved what is required i s the creation of new linkages within a particular genre of discourse.

The post-modernist epistemological challenge to ‘the Enlightenment’-its attack on master narratives and its critique of truth-also loses its liberatory aura when transposed outside the elite intellectual strata of Europe and North America This division of knowledge is caught within a type of oppositional thinking that Lyotard believes is out of step with postmodern modes of knowledge.

Phrase regimens fix the instances of the phrase universe within a concatenation; these regimens are syntactic types of difterend such as the cognitive, the descriptive, the prescriptive, the interrogative, the evaluative, and so on.

His most substantial writings of this time were his contributions to the Socialisme ou Barbarie journal on the political situation in Algeria [many of which are collected in Political Writings ]. This is because the only way libidinal energies can exist is within structures.